Cassava farming is the most popular farming in Africa. This is due to the fact that; Cassava is an essential raw material for foods and industrial products in our continent.
If you are a Nigerian and lover of its food, then you must be familiar with the popular “Eba” or “Gari” which is popularly consumed by almost every tribe in Nigeria.
Today, cassava farming and processing is beehive of opportunities for all industry players along the value chain and potential newcomer into the sector. That’s why we want to highlights such opportunities in this blog post.
Let’s get started by giving brief background about the history of cassava farming in Nigeria
Introduction to Cassava Farming in Nigeria
As early as 1667 the planting and cultivation of cassava began in Nigeria. This was credited to the Portuguese explorers and slaves from Brazil and the West Indies who have landed in Nigeria.
By the year 1890s, the systematic cultivation of cassava was becoming popular in Nigeria
According to research, the above stated slaves (from Brazil, West Indies and Sierra Leone) who knew how to process crop to food were living in Lagos, Badagry, Abeokuta, Ijebu, etc. These people influenced the widely consumption of the cassava products, hence, demand for processed cassava (Garri, fufu, cassava flour, also known as lafun) increased
In today Nigeria, aside rice, beans, and yam; garri is one food that most family in Nigeria can’t do without. If it’s not been prepared and taken with their favorite soups, then it is been taken inform of “cassava flake” in which some Nigerians do enjoy taking with sugar, milk, and groundnut; to sustain hunger, whereas some people take it because they love and enjoy the tastes.
Other Products of Cassava
Excluding garri, Cassava can be processed into other food and items like Fufu, Starch, HQCF, Composite flour, animal feeds, commercial caramel, and a lot more.
So you see, cassava farming no doubt could be a very lucrative business to start, which is easy (because cassava could be harvested after 7–12 months of planting depending on the variety planted) and It could be mono-cropped or inter-cropped with other crops, like maize, groundnuts, vegetables, and rice. But it advisable to be mono-cropped to give economy of scale and maximize plant population.